Sidebar content in here.
The Foundation of the League of Nations
The League of Nations was the Fourteenth Point of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points. He was not so concerned with punishing Germany, but wanted to try to ensure that no wars took place in the future.
The League was created because the war had been so horrific that the Allies wanted to try to prevent anything like it ever happening again.
Membership of the League was open to all countries. But Germany was not allowed to join and nor was Russia.
The Council met three times a year. There were four permanent members, Britain, France, Italy and Japan (Germany became the fifth in 1926). They took most of the important decisions.
The Assembly had representatives of all the members and it meant once a year.
The Covenant was the agreement which members had to sign.
The Council of Ambassadors often took decisions, because the Council and Assembly only met occasionally.
Economic Sanctions banned trade; Military Sanctions meant a declaration of war by each member.
The Secretary-General was in charge of the administration of the League.
The Secretariat was the civil service of the League, which was based in Geneva.
This cartoon was printed on the menu distributed during a banquet in honour of the League of Nations in 1919. The caption describes a united Europe. Explain what message this cartoon is trying to give its readers. Support your answer by referring to details of the source and your own knowledge. Click on the thumbnail for the full cartoon.
History Learning Site (excellent)
Russian News Network site (detailed overview)
A brilliant explanation by Ben Walsh of why America refused to join
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